Northern Forest Field Course
(2.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, summer, every year)
Field identification of common trees, shrubs, and nonwoody vascular plants. Plant communities, soil site relationships, wildlife values. Natural history of northern /boreal forests in terms of soils, ecological characteristics of trees, community-environment relationships, stand development, succession, and regeneration ecology. Land survey, tree/forest stand measurement, forest sampling techniques. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center.